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I have heard that Shaytan is an Angel but then Angels do not have free will so this means he has to obey Allah, but he did have free will because he did not prostrate to Adam (عليه السلام) when Allah commanded him to do so.

Quran 2:34:

And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves before Adam." And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah)"

I have also heard that he is a jinn.

Quran 18:50:

And (remember) when We said to the angels; "Prostrate to Adam." So they prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He was one of the jinns; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord.

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I urge you to select the accepted answer from those who actually answered all of your concerns and not by the # of votes it has. –  American Muslim Aug 1 at 21:30

4 Answers 4

ٍٍِSatan/Shaytan is a jinn and never been an angel and the evidence is in how Satan was created. Satan is created from fire and therefore it's a jinn. Whereas the angels are created from light.

When Allah asked angels and him "Prostrate yourselves before Adam". Satan refused to do so and in turn said "You create me from fire and I will not prostrate to one who created from mud".

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Yes I know why he didnt prostrate but why does the Qur'an say all angels except Iblis which means Iblis too is an angel? –  Aisha Mar 23 '14 at 16:28
"all angels except Iblis" doesn't necessarily imply that the Iblis is an angel. AFAIK English. –  Bleeding Fingers Mar 23 '14 at 17:08
-1 for not answering the OP's concern about the second verse. –  American Muslim Aug 1 at 21:25

Maybe Satan was a hybrid Angel-Jinn. It is said that he was made from fire but it is also said that his light was brighter than all the other angels. It means that he must be an angel as well. And we all know how hybrids are usually stronger than their pure raced parents in nature. Thus it explains the Satan's power.

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The only answer deserving of a +1 from all the other answers and the only answer that actually addresses all of the OPs concerns. –  American Muslim Aug 1 at 21:29

Iblis is from the jin. Shayateen are also from the jinn. Allah tells us in Surah al-Hijr 15:27

And the jinn We created before from scorching fire.

In Surah Saad, Allaah tells us what Iblis said:

He said, "I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay."

In Surah al-Baqara 2:34, Allah says:

And when We said to the angels, "Prostrate before Adam"; so they prostrated, except for Iblis. He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers.

And in Surah an-Nahl 16:49:

And to Allah prostrates whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth of creatures, and the angels, and they are not arrogant.

So in these verses, Allah tells us what He created jinn from. Iblis said he was made from it. And Allah tells us angels don't have kibr and Iblis was Mutakabir (arrogant).

Iblis is from the jinn and had kibr.

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So based on the Ayah you posted he is from the Angels? I don't think your answer is clear. –  American Muslim Aug 1 at 21:26

Shaytan is a jinn, the specific verse you have here:

And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves before Adam." And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah)

doesn't mean that he is an angel. To clarify this I'm going to give this example:

You have 99 persons from the grade 5 and 1 person from grade 6, then the logic is that you will call them 5th graders even if you meant to add the one from 6 grade with them.

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Invalid logic. You will not call them 5th graders unless they all are indeed 5th graders. That 1 there doesn't make that true, unless you are saying Allah subhana watala makes mistakes. –  American Muslim Aug 1 at 21:28

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