What are the different kinds of food that a Muslim can't eat and the reasons they were banned?
I heard some people mention that Muslims shouldn't eat horses' or donkeys' meat, but I couldn't find a proof of their claim.
Muslims are forbidden to eat the flesh of swine, blood, somthing that was killed by another animal, somthing killed accidentally or by being beated, and food that was slaughtered by somone other than the people of the book (muslims,christians, jews.)
The ayat above states that swine is unclean, which is why we cannot eat it. We cannot eat anything that wasent slaughtered correctly because it means that you were not thinking of allah when the animal was killed, and the animal was not meant for being killed for meat. We also cannot eat meat that was slaughtered by somone other than the people of the book because the devil contends with you if you do, and you may obey the devil and become a polytheist.Also, the meat may have been slaughtered for one of their idols, meat that we surley would not want to eat and become a transgressor.
The reason we cannot eat hore or donkey meat is because the quran did not grant permission to.
When Allah refered to donkeys and horses it was explicitly said that they were made for riding on, period. As for cows, its gives permission to eat it says we may ride and eat them while it only said we may ride horses and donkeys.
some religous scholers say that this is not enough to label horses and donkeys are haram, for that to be true it must directly say they are haram, this rather makes them makrooh (disliked) to eat.
Islam aims to purify human both body and soul. Thus it give some guidelines to what we eat.
As a general guideline, Muslims are not allowed to eat vicious animals like lion, shark etc whether they are on land or in water. There is also a natural tendency, not to eat these kind of animals.
Swine has characteristics of both vicious animals as well as tame ones. Thus it can be cause of confusion. Thus, Allah gave a judgment about it that it is forbidden.
For the soul part:
In addition to what is mentioned by NasreenA, Muslims are also not allowed to eat anything that is dedicated to anyone but Allah alone, as mentioned here.
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